DrugChart.xlsx – EssaysForYou




Sheet1

Common Drugs Prescribed according to FDA

The prefixes, roots, and suffixes apply only to generic names.

prefix, root, suffix
examples (generic names)
drug class or drug category
Action
Side/adverse effects
Interventions (assessment and adminstration)
Patient Education

-afil
avanafil; sildenafil; tadalafil; vardenafil
phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor

-asone
betamethasone; dexamethasone; diflorasone; fluticasone; mometasone
corticosteroid

-bicin
doxorubicin; epirubicin; idarubicin; valrubicin
antineoplastic; cytotoxic agent

-bital
butabarbital; butalbital; phenobarbital; secobarbital
barbiturate (sedative)

-caine
bupivacaine; lidocaine; mepivacaine; prilocaine; proparacaine
local anesthetic

cef-, ceph-
cefaclor; cefdinir; cefixime; cefprozil; cephalexin
cephalosporin antibiotic

-cillin
amoxicillin; ampicillin; dicloxacillin; nafcillin; oxacillin
penicillin antibiotic

cort
clocortolone; fludrocortisone; hydrocortisone
corticosteroid

-cycline
demeclocycline; doxycycline; minocycline; tetracycline
tetracycline antibiotic

-dazole
albendazole; mebendazole; metronidazole; tinidazole
anthelmintic; antibiotic; antibacterial

-dipine
amlodipine; felodipine; nifedipine; nimodipine; nisoldipine
calcium channel blocker

-dronate
alendronate; etidronate; ibandronate; risedronate
bisphosphonate; bone resorption inhibitor

-eprazole
esomeprazole; omeprazole; rabeprazole
proton pump inhibitor (PPI)

-fenac
bromfenac; diclofenac; nepafenac
NSAID

-floxacin
besifloxacin; ciprofloxacin; levofloxacin; moxifloxacin; ofloxacin
quinolone antibiotic

-gliptin
saxagliptin; sitagliptin; linagliptin
antidiabetic; inhibitor of the DPP-4 enzyme

-glitazone
pioglitazone; rosiglitazone; troglitazone
antidiabetic; thiazolidinedione

-iramine
brompheniramine; chlorpheniramine; pheniramine
antihistamine

-lamide
acetazolamide; brinzolamide; dorzolamide; methazolamide
carbonic anhydrase inhibitor

-mab
adalimumab; daclizumab; infliximab; omalizumab; trastuzumab
monoclonal antibody

-mustine
carmustine; estramustine; lomustine; bendamustine
alkylating agent (antineoplastic)

-mycin
azithromycin; clarithromycin; clindamycin; erythromycin
antibiotic; antibacterial

-nacin
darifenacin; solifenacin
muscarinic antagonist (anticholinergic)

-nazole
fluconazole; ketoconazole; miconazole; terconazole; tioconazole
antifungal

-olol
atenolol; metoprolol; nadolol; pindolol; propranolol; timolol
beta blocker

-olone
fluocinolone; fluorometholone; prednisolone; triamcinolone
corticosteroid

-olone
nandrolone; oxandrolone; oxymetholone
anabolic steroid

-onide
budesonide; ciclesonide; desonide; fluocinonide; halcinonide
corticosteroid

-oprazole
dexlansoprazole; lansoprazole; pantoprazole
proton pump inhibitor (PPI)

parin; -parin
dalteparin; enoxaparin; fondaparinux; heparin; tinzaparin
antithrombotic; anticoagulant (blood thinner)

-phylline
aminophylline; dyphylline; oxtriphylline; theophylline
xanthine derivative (bronchodilator)

-pramine
clomipramine; desipramine; imipramine; trimipramine
tricyclic antidepressant (TCA)

pred; pred-
loteprednol; prednicarbate; prednisolone; prednisone
corticosteroid

-pril
benazepril; captopril; enalapril; lisinopril; moexipril; ramipril
ACE inhibitor

-profen
fenoprofen; flurbiprofen; ibuprofen; ketoprofen
NSAID

-ridone
iloperidone; paliperidone; risperidone
atypical antipsychotic

-sartan
candesartan; irbesartan; losartan; olmesartan; valsartan
angiotensin II receptor antagonist; ARB

-semide
furosemide; torsemide
loop diuretic (water pill)

-setron
alosetron; dolasetron; granisetron; ondansetron; palonosetron
serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist

-setron
dolasetron; granisetron; ondansetron; palonosetron
antiemetic and antinauseant

-statin
atorvastatin; lovastatin; pitavastatin; pravastatin; rosuvastatin; simvastatin
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor; statins

sulfa-
sulfacetamide; sulfadiazine; sulfamethoxazole; sulfasalazine
antibiotic; anti-infective; anti-inflammatory

-tadine
alcaftadine; cyproheptadine; desloratadine; loratadine; olopatadine
antihistamine

-tadine
amantadine; rimantadine
antiviral; anti-influenza-A

-terol
albuterol; arformoterol; formoterol; levalbuterol; salmeterol
beta agonist; bronchodilator

-thiazide
chlorothiazide; hydrochlorothiazide; methyclothiazide
thiazide diuretic (water pill)

-tinib
crizotinib; dasatinib; erlotinib; gefitinib; imatinib
antineoplastic (kinase inhibitor)

-trel
desogestrel; etonogestrel; levonorgestrel; norgestrel
female hormone (progestin)

tretin-; tretin; -tretin
acitretin; alitretinoin; isotretinoin; tretinoin
retinoid; dermatologic agent; form of vitamin A

-triptan
almotriptan; eletriptan; rizatriptan; sumatriptan; zolmitriptan
antimigraine; selective 5-HT receptor agonist

-tyline
amitriptyline; nortriptyline; protriptyline
tricyclic antidepressant (TCA)

vir; -vir
abacavir; efavirenz; enfuvirtide; nevirapine; ritonavir; tenofovir
antiviral; anti-HIV

vir; -vir
adefovir; entecavir; ribavirin (along with interferon)
antiviral; anti-hepatitis

-vir
acyclovir; famciclovir; penciclovir; valacyclovir
antiviral; anti-herpes

-vir
cidofovir; ganciclovir; valganciclovir
antiviral; anti-CMV

-vir
oseltamivir; zanamivir
antiviral; anti-flu

-vudine
lamivudine; stavudine; telbivudine; zidovudine
antiviral; nucleoside analogues

-zepam
clonazepam; diazepam; flurazepam; lorazepam; temazepam
benzodiazepine

-zodone
nefazodone, trazodone, vilazodone
antidepressant

-zolam
alprazolam; estazolam; midazolam; triazolam
benzodiazepine

-zosin
alfuzosin; doxazosin; prazosin; terazosin
alpha blocker

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