Greco Roman Architectural Works
This week you will read about architecture. The lesson includes information on Roman architecture, which was greatly influenced by the Greeks and Etruscans.
Locate at least two architectural works that were influenced by Greco-Roman architecture.
These can be from any time period after the Greco-Roman period but should be from different periods themselves (e.g., one from Renaissance and one from Baroque). Then address the following:
What is the function of each structure?
How does each work exhibit influence of the Greco-Roman period? Is the influence specifically Greek, Etruscan, or Roman – or a combination?
How would you compare the two selected works? Take the role of the evaluative critic.
Use examples from the text, the lesson, and the library to help support your answer. Please remember to provide images and citations to help illustrate your points.Examples of architectural works that were influenced by Greco-Roman architecture:
The Pantheon in Rome, Italy: The Pantheon was built during the reign of Emperor Hadrian in the 2nd century AD and is considered one of the most important works of ancient Roman architecture. Its iconic dome, which spans 43.3 meters, was a major influence on later dome constructions, including St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome and the US Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.
The Parthenon in Athens, Greece: The Parthenon is a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena and was built in the 5th century BC. Its monumental Doric columns, friezes, and pediments have been a source of inspiration for architects for centuries, and its influence can be seen in numerous neoclassical buildings, including the US Supreme Court Building and the British Museum.
The Colosseum in Rome, Italy: The Colosseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, was built in the 1st century AD and is one of the most iconic symbols of ancient Rome. Its innovative use of arches and vaults has influenced the design of numerous stadiums and arenas, including the modern-day Wembley Stadium in London.
The United States Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.: The Capitol Building was designed in the neoclassical style by architect William Thornton and was completed in 1800. Its grand dome, which was influenced by the Pantheon, has become an iconic symbol of American democracy.
The British Museum in London, UK: The British Museum was designed by architect Sir Robert Smirke in the early 19th century and features a monumental neoclassical façade inspired by the Parthenon. Its design has influenced numerous other museum buildings, including the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C.
Follow-Up Post Instructions
Respond to at least one peer. Further the dialogue by providing more information and clarification.
Minimum of 2 posts (1 initial & 1 follow-up)
Minimum of 2 sources cited (assigned readings/online lessons and an outside source)
APA format for in-text citations and list of references