Study Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8649913/
Respond to the questions in complete sentences:
- What is the title, author(s), journal where the article was published, and publication date of the article
- Why was the study done? What were the aims of the study? Were the aims clear?
- Was the study original? Did the study add to the body of knowledge already available on the subject?
- Mention the study design. What design was it? Was the study design appropriate? Why or why not? Explain.
- Who was studied? Describe the population, inclusion and exclusion criteria and sample
size. Make sure to describe these criteria for both groups.
- Describe how the exposure and outcome variables were measured and described. Were they continuous or categorical? If categorical, were they dichotomous? Was the authors’ description sufficient?
- Explain if the data collection methods were appropriate. Were the investigators able to get complete data, or did they have to exclude relevant data? Were assessments blinded?
- Were there any ethical issues associated with the study (such as selection of subjects, exposure, etc). If so, how were these issues addressed?
- Were the statistical approaches described and appropriate? Justify your response. Include how systematic bias was avoided or minimized, including any confounding.
- Were the results reported in adequate detail? Explain and give at least one example in your response
- Were the results appropriate for the methods described? For example, describe what measures of association the authors used in their results (such as risk ratio, odds ratio) was this measure appropriate for the study design?
- Were the authors’ conclusions justified and supported by the results?
- Did the discussion put the results in context?
- Did the authors address any criteria that could support a causal relationship between the exposure and the outcome?
- Did the authors include potential public health implications of the study? What additional studies or policies did they suggest? What is an additional study or policy you can think of?