Z-Tests & Single Sample T-Tests Assignment is designed to assess your understanding of the concepts and applications

Homework: Tests and Single Sample t -tests Assignment Instructions

Overview

This Homework: Z-Tests & Single Sample T-Tests Assignment is designed to assess your understanding of the concepts and applications covered thus far in this course. This module introduces two inferential tests – the z test and single sample t test; both of which are used to determine whether a sample differs from a population. These tests are commonly used in psychology, education, business, and other fields. This Homework: Z-Tests & Single Sample T-Tests Assignment assesses your knowledge, skills, applications, and presentation of these tests using professional conventions.

Instructions

Be sure you have reviewed this module’s Learn section before completing this Homework: Z-Tests & Single Sample T-Tests Assignment. This Homework: Z-Tests & Single Sample T-Tests Assignment is worth 60 points. Each question is worth 3 points. Six points are awarded for mechanics/structure.

· Part I contains general concepts from this module’s Learn section.

·       Part II requires use of SPSS. You will have to take screen shots and/or copy and paste from your SPSS to place answers within this file. Make sure you only insert relevant and legible images.

·       Part III is the cumulative section. These may include short answer and/or use of SPSS but will review material from previous module(s).

· Directions for each subsection are provided in the top of each table (in the blue shaded areas).

· Answers should be placed where indicated (wherever there is “ANSWER”).

·       Submit the file as a WORD document (.doc or .docx). Make sure the filename of your submission includes your full name, course and section.

o   Example: HW6_JohnDoe_510B01

Make sure to check the Homework Grading Rubric before beginning this Homework: Z-Tests & Single Sample T-Tests Assignment.

 

Part I: General Concepts

These
questions are based on the concepts covered in this module’s assigned
readings and presentations.

 

Answer the
following questions using your own words.

 

1.

What is the critical value for a one-tailed z test? For a two-tailed z test? Which is more likely to result in a rejection of the null
hypothesis? Why?

ANSWER

 

2.

Why does tcv. Change when
the sample size changes? What must be computed to determine tcv.?

ANSWER
 

 

3.

Henry performed a
two-tailed test for an experiment in which N = 24. He could not find
his table of t critical values, but he remembered the tcv
at df = 13. He decided to compare his tobt with this tcv.
Is he more likely to make a Type I or a type II error in this situation?
Briefly discuss why.

ANSWER

 

Given a population standard deviation of 12, answer the following two
questions.

4) Calculate the standard error of the mean (σX)

 given the following two sample sizes (show
all your work and round to two decimal places):

N1 = 20

N2 = 70

WORK:

N1 =

N2 =

ANSWER

N1 =

N2 =

5) How does the
sample size change the standard error of the mean? What does this mean for
statistical power?

ANSWER

Calculate the critical degrees of freedom and identify the critical values
for the following tests, using p = .05 and the tables in your e-book for
all scenarios (do NOT round). Then, state whether the null hypothesis would be
rejected or failed to be rejected.

6) Single sample t-test:
two-tailed, N = 20,  t  = 2.05

df= ANSWER

critical t = ANSWER

Reject or Fail to Reject
Ho:

ANSWER

7)  Single sample t-test: one-tailed, N
= 20,  t  = 2.05

df= ANSWER

critical t = ANSWER

Reject or Fail to Reject
Ho:

ANSWER

8) Pearson’s r correlation:
two-tailed, N = 15, r = 0.47

df= ANSWER

critical r = ANSWER

Reject or Fail to Reject
Ho:

ANSWER

9) Pearson’s r correlation:
one-tailed, N = 15, r = 0.47

df= ANSWER

critical r = ANSWER

Reject or Fail to Reject
Ho:

ANSWER

A company decides
to offer a monetary incentive for employees who log a specified number of
hours spent exercising in an attempt to improve
employee health. The average health score (higher = better) of the 75
employees who logged enough hours was 87. The mean health score for all
employees (population) was 85, with a population standard deviation of 6.5.

 

10) Calculate
the standard error of the mean.

ANSWER

11) Conduct the
z-test. Show your work (use at least two decimal places throughout).

What is the zobt score?

ANSWER

12) Write your
conclusion using complete sentences in APA format. Don’t forget to include
the statistical statement and whether you reject or fail to reject the null
hypothesis.

ANSWER

 

Part II: SPSS
Application

These
questions require the use of SPSS. Remember you must submit all of your work
within this word document. You will need to take a screen shot of your data
view if necessary, or copy and paste your output into the spaces below.
Remember to report the exact p value provided by SPSS output –
simply reporting p<.05 or p>.05 is not acceptable (unless SPSS output
states p=.000 – in that case you can report p<.001).

 

 

 

 

Exercise 1

Spatial ability was
quantified using a sample of the general population (N=15). Their scores are
shown below, where higher scores represent better spatial ability. Enter this
data into SPSS to answer the following questions.

 

 

52

59

63

65

58

55

62

63

53

59

57

61

60

59

57

 

 

13)

Run descriptive
statistics for general population data provided above (make sure to include
the mean and confidence interval by using the “Explore” option as shown in
this module’s presentation).

ANSWER SPSS output
of descriptive statistics

 

 

14)

You want to compare
your sample of the general population to individuals who listen to classical
music, but you only know their mean (
m = 60). Run a single sample t test. Paste the output below.

ANSWER: SPSS output
of the t-Test

 

15)

Write a results
section in current APA style describing the outcome.

All homework
results sections must follow the example given in the SPSS presentation and
in the textbook. Results sections are multiple sentences (a single paragraph)
and must include the APA-formatted statistical statement and a decision about
the null hypothesis.

ANSWER

 

 

Part III: Cumulative

These
questions can be related to anything covered thus far in the course.

 

 

A recruiter wants to know if college GPA is truly
predictive of one’s grit. He examined this by having 14 job applicants
complete a grit inventory using a Likert scale (range 1 -7) where higher
numbers indicate more “grit”. GPA was confirmed using college transcripts
(scale 0 – 4.0). Enter the data shown below into SPSS to assess whether GPA
can predict one’s grit
.

 

Remember – prediction requires a different analysis than
mere relationships. Choose the correct test to analyze this question, set up
the SPSS file, and run the analysis. Paste the output, appropriate graph, and
then report the results using complete sentences in APA style following the
example in the lecture presentation for this statistical test.

 

Grit

GPA

6.5

4.0

4.0

3.1

3.7

2.7

5.8

3.5

4.7

3.1

5.5

3.3

3.9

2.7

1.1

2.8

3.5

3.1

2.7

2.6

5.1

3.8

3.2

2.2

5.6

2.8

6.1

2.5

 

 

16) Paste appropriate SPSS output.

 

ANSWER

 

17) Paste appropriate SPSS graph.

ANSWER

 

18) Write a Results section in current APA
style describing the outcome using complete sentences. Make sure you report
the statistical notation in APA format and inclue all relevant information.

  

ANSWER

 

Submit this assignment by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of Module 6. Remember to name the file appropriately.

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